Commission on Police Practices Issues Policy Recommendations for San Diego Police

by on April 6, 2021 · 2 comments

in San Diego

San Diego Police Department headquarters on Broadway.

On March 30, the Commission on Police Practices issued a litany of policy recommendations for San Diego Police Chief David Nisleit and his department. Commission Chair, Brandon Hilpert wrote the following memorandum, which we repost below in substance:

Subject: Recommendations to the San Diego Police Department

The Commission on Police Practices (“CPP” or “Commission”) appreciates that the San Diego Police Department (SDPD) accepted the former CRB’s recommendation to create a stand-alone policy which would provide a clear structure on how SDPD responds to First Amendment protected protest activities.

The Commission reviewed SDPD’s new procedure (4.17) and held public meetings to discuss its proposed clarifications and revisions. The Commission’s Policy Committee held a public meeting on February 25, 2021 as well as a community roundtable on March 18, 2021. At its Open Meeting on March 23, 2021, the Commission voted unanimously to make the following policy recommendations to the SDPD for its consideration:

    1. Include in the policy, SDPD’s existing guidelines regarding pre-protest planning with event organizers. As it currently stands, the new policy reads more strictly as crowd control, rather than facilitation of First Amendment protected activities. We would also like to see a section that discusses protecting the safety of peaceful protesters.
    2. Clearly restate that existing policies and procedures remain in full force and effect during protest activities. Specifically, body worn camera (1.49), de-escalation (1.55), duty to intervene (1.56), identification of officers (5.10 and 9.19).
    3. Address how juveniles are treated during protest activities in line with existing procedures, for example, handcuffing or detention of minors.
    4. The procedure references the verbiage of California Penal Code 407 in the definition of an unlawful assembly. However, we would like assurances that a protest will not be declared unlawful simply because it is “boisterous.” The policy should be clear that per case law, there must be a clear and present danger to persons or property before an unlawful assembly can be declared.
    5. Include in the policy, a statement that preservation of life shall take precedence over protecting property.
    6. Specifically related to the issuance of dispersal orders once an unlawful assembly has been declared:

a.Require officers to have their body worn cameras activated in Event Mode to record the circumstances in which created an unlawful assembly order.

b. Require that the Officer making the dispersal order shall have their BWC activated to record the dispersal order as well as an Officer stationed behind the protest participants to ensure audible commands were able to be heard.

c. Section VII. C. 2. states “the officer is not required to use any particular words”, however, this conflicts with 7 which provides a detailed script to be used. We recommend the specific script be used.

d. State that the dispersal order must be given at least three times, with one minute between each order and the script must include a clear time requirement for participants to depart the scene (for example, participants have five minutes to depart, but not less than three minutes).

e. Clarify “amble means of egress”, factoring in considerations like participants which may have mobility issues.

f . For pre-planned protest activities, add communication options to include languages other than English and Spanish. For example, traffic signage to assist those that may be hearing impaired.

7. When staging for EMS, require that EMS providers have proper materials on-hand for the situation. For example, ample water shall be available to decontaminate participants that have had OC utilized on them per existing policy 1.06.

8. Define “a reasonable time.” The procedure needs to be clear as to what a reasonable time is for a crowd to disperse. We propose this time be not less than three minutes.

9. Reiterate that use of OC spray is prohibited at this stage of resistance. We do not believe those individuals exhibiting “passive resistance” should be subject to the use of “impact weapons, impact weapon control holds, pain compliance or pressure points” which would technically be permitted under the existing Use of Force Matrix per 1.04.

10. In the section regarding the use of specialty munitions, list options to be utilized in order of escalation by munition type as well as have clear and significant descriptions as to when and how they are utilized, handled and removed.

a. 40 mm foam baton rounds should be utilized only as a last resort.

b. CS gas grenades and rubber sting balls need to have clear and explicit references as to when use is permissible

11. In the utilization of flexcuffs procedure specify that Officers shall replace flexcuffs should they tighten by using the existing 6.01 procedures. Officers shall write their ID number on the flexcuffs of each individual they take into custody and officers shall mark the flexcuffs indicating initial placement to assist in visually observing if flexcuffs unexpectedly tighten.

12. Body Worn Camera Usage

a. Add a new section for BWC retention periods for peaceful protest activities (no arrests, no complaints).

b. Add a clear statement that any BWC of protest activities shall or must not be used, stored, logged or cataloged to document or create a database of individuals participating in legal protest activities.

13. Officers shall not request nor require media or other members of the public to stop, pause or discontinue audio or video recording.

14. Add a new section that addresses the status and rights of legal observers and/or non-participants. Legal observers should be clearly identified and shall not be specifically targeted by officers.

15. Require officers to provide the name and ID number of the commanding officer/ incident commander at the scene.

16. Include an unambiguous prohibition of officers obstructing their badge, name and/or ID numbers as well as a clear prohibition of providing false identification details

17. Reconsider the policy of allowing only ID numbers to be given during protest activities.

18. Consider addressing how officers deal with individuals participating in peaceful civil disobedience such as officers using bicycles as weapons or shields and using “follow cars” during protest activities.

19. Require that if outside law enforcement agencies participate in City of San Diego protests under mutual aid agreements, such outside agencies should be subject to SDPD policies and procedures.

Additionally, the Commission recommends changes to the following procedures:

    1. Body Worn Camera (1.49)- Remove the exclusion for mandated body worn camera recordings in secure facilities (Sally Port, detention rooms etc.). Although many secure areas have security footage, this footage does not contain audio and frequently is too far away to properly determine what may have occurred. Any interaction with a detainee should be recorded.
    2. Chemical Agent Usage (1.06)- Require officers to provide a verbal warning prior to using chemical OC spray where possible. This would bring it in line with the Use of Force procedural (1.04) requirement for officers to provide a verbal warning prior to firing their firearm.
    3. Maximum Restraint Time Limit (6.01)- Update this procedure to include a maximum time that an individual would be placed in the WRAP device to no more than 2 hours. (Currently there is no time limit stated.)
    4. Utilization of Seatbelts on Prisoners (6.01)- Modify this policy to increase the requirements necessary prior to seatbelts not being utilized under the officer safety exemption. As this procedure stands today, we do not believe this procedure is enforceable.
    5. Observation of Detainees in Sally Port- Require officers to check in on the status/welfare of detainees under their custody at least every 15 minutes.

Thank you for your consideration on the Commission’s policy recommendations.

{ 2 comments… read them below or add one }

sealintheSelkirks sealintheSelkirks April 12, 2021 at 10:19 am

This was an interesting read but am I the only one that has a feeling that not much of this list of ‘recommendations’ will be well received much less implemented?

What I don’t see is an end to ‘qualified immunity’ which is the Big Gorilla in the room that is facing down our Civil Rights supposedly guaranteed in the US Constitution. Without that there isn’t much that can be done to end the terror.

And what if any punishment can be implemented against individual cops and the responsible commanders if something like this list is put in place? Civilians face consequences for their behavior why not cops? Fair’s fair, right?

This link has a picture posted on it of what killer cop Chavin’s Defense lawyers has argued police felt threatened by the “chaos” of a “hostile crowd” during the murder of George Floyd. What an absolutely telling photo. Cops lie all the time and there is no mechanism in place to stop them from doing so.

At That Point It’s Just Pain

Dr. Martin Tobin testifies

https://www.commondreams.org/further/2021/04/07/point-its-just-pain

sealintheSelkirks

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sealintheSelkirks sealintheSelkirks June 11, 2021 at 1:18 pm

Since there hasn’t been any follow-up on this story I thought I’d throw out an article with a video link for the reader’s weekend viewing pleasure, and ask a question or two of you all at the end of it.

‘Unequivocally Deadly’: Cop Flips Over Car of Pregnant Woman Who Didn’t Pull Over Fast Enough

“Not only is what she did not wrong,” said one observer, “it’s what you’re supposed to do: turning on hazards to indicate you’re complying and pulling over at the next safe place.”

https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/06/10/unequivocally-deadly-cop-flips-over-car-pregnant-woman-who-didnt-pull-over-fast

Police dash cam footage that began to go viral Wednesday has sparked outrage as it showed a state trooper in Arkansas forcing the SUV of a pregnant woman driver—who claims she was was trying to find a safer place to pull over—to crash and roll over during an attempted highway traffic stop in July of last year.

https://twitter.com/i/status/1402511004735447040

My question: How can police in this country be ‘reformed’ by throwing millions away for cute little ‘re-training’ seminars but completely ignoring the culture of policing that causes this, and the legal fiction of ‘qualified immunity’ from lawsuits and prosecution?

How about starting by NOT HIRING people like this much less keeping them on the payroll. Having them quit and immediately be re-hired by some other agency isn’t a very good idea, either.

Wouldn’t the country be better off with intensive psychological testing and disqualification of those with authoritarian and other serious personality disorders?

How about a thorough comprehensive test on the Bill of Rights as how they apply to modern policing before being hired! Can you imagine the failure rate?

How about a police academy that has at least as many course hours as someone learning to be a barber or hairdresser. Doesn’t that make sense; a least a year in training?

Is there a national database of all the videos taken since cell phone cameras came out of who/what/where? Can you imagine just how big it would have to be?

sealintheSelkirks

PS: Then perhaps we can start applying these qualifications to politicians…

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