The Shooting Down of Malaysian Airliner Reminds Us When the U.S. Shot Down an Iranian Airbuse in 1988

by on July 22, 2014 · 9 comments

in American Empire, History, Military, Politics, World News

Iran airbus

The Iranian airliner shot down looked much like this one.

Navy Ship Responsible From San Diego

The shooting down of the Malaysian airliner over eastern Ukraine on Thursday, July 17th – allegedly by separatists fighting the Kiev government – killing all 295 people on board, has shocked the world, and has intensified the demands for sanctions on those responsible.

But, if no sanctions materialize, it wouldn’t be the first time a civilian plane carrying hundreds of passengers was shot down by combatants – with nothing happening to those responsible.

In fact, a lot of the general elements are the same. But the incident that I am reminded about is the day – back in early July 1988, when two US military missiles fired from U.S. Navy ship Vincennes hit Iran Air Flight 655, killing all 290 passengers and crew members on board.

Nothing – I repeat – nothing ever happened to the U.S. because of this incident.  It did go a long way in creating a deep distrust towards America by an entire generation of Iranians.

But nothing happened.  No sanctions. No boycotts. No United Nations condemnations.  Nothing. Most Americans alive then have probably forgotten about it.

In fact, when the USS Vincennes returned to its homeport, San Diego, it was welcomed with open arms, as any Navy ship returning is.

Iran Vincennnes SanDiego

The Vincennes returns to San Diego.

Here is an article from the Washington Post in October 2013, titled “The forgotten story of Iran Air Flight 655″ by Max Fisher:

The story of Iran Air 655 begins, like so much of the U.S.-Iran struggle, with the 1979 Islamic revolution. When Iraq invaded Iran the following year, the United States supported Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein against the two countries’ mutual Iranian enemy. The war dragged on for eight awful years, claiming perhaps a million lives.

Iran VincennesToward the end of the war, on July 3, 1988, a U.S. Navy ship called the Vincennes was exchanging fire with small Iranian ships in the Persian Gulf. The U.S. Navy kept ships there, and still does, to protect oil trade routes. As the American and Iranian ships skirmished, Iran Air Flight 655 took off from nearby Bandar Abbas International Airport, bound for Dubai. The airport was used by both civilian and military aircraft. The Vincennes mistook the lumbering Airbus A300 civilian airliner for a much smaller and faster F-14 fighter jet, perhaps in the heat of battle or perhaps because the flight allegedly did not identify itself. It fired two surface-to-air missiles, killing all 290 passengers and crew members on board.

Iran airbus shotdown mapThe horrible incident brought Tehran closer to ending the war, but its effects have lingered much longer than that. “The shoot-down of Iran Air flight 655 was an accident, but that is not how it was seen in Tehran,” former CIA analyst and current Brookings scholar Kenneth Pollack wrote in his 2004 history of U.S.-Iran enmity, “The Persian Puzzle.” “The Iranian government assumed that the attack had been purposeful. … Tehran convinced itself that Washington was trying to signal that the United States had decided to openly enter the war on Iraq’s side.”

That belief, along with Iraq’s increased use of chemical weapons against Iran, led Tehran to accept a United Nations cease-fire two months later. But it also helped cement a view in Iran, still common among hard-liners in the government, that the United States is absolutely committed to the destruction of the Islamic Republic and will stop at almost nothing to accomplish this. It is, as Time’s Michael Crowley points out in an important piece, one of several reasons that Iran has a hard time believing it can trust the United States to ever stop short of its complete destruction.

This is not just an issue of historical grievance: It matters in immediate geopolitical terms to the efforts by President Obama and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani to find their way to a nuclear deal and perhaps a first step toward detente. For any deal to work, both countries will have to trust that the other is sincere about its willingness to follow through on its promises. For the United States, that means trusting that Iran is really willing to give up any nuclear weapons ambitions and ramp down the program as promised (Washington has real, legitimate grounds to worry about this; Iran has its own history of misdeeds). For Iran, it means trusting that the United States will actually accept the Islamic Republic and coexist peacefully with it.

The eight-year war with Iraq, which is widely seen in Iran as a war against not just Hussein but his Western backers, and the downing of Iran Air Flight 655 that came near its conclusion, have convinced many in Iran that the United States simply cannot be trusted to let Iran be. Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Rouhani’s boss, often appears to share this deep distrust. Khamenei and other hard-liners could scuttle any deal; a similar drama will likely play out in Washington.

If Iran believes that the United States is so committed to its destruction that it would willingly shoot down a plane full of Iranian civilians, then Tehran has every incentive to assume we’re lying in negotiations. It also has strong incentives to try to build a nuclear weapon, or at least get close enough to deter the American invasion that it feared was coming in 1988 and perhaps again in 2002 with President George W. Bush’s “axis of evil” speech.

Americans might not know about Flight 655. But Iranians surely do — they can hardly forget about it.

{ 9 comments… read them below or add one }

avatar Christo July 22, 2014 at 9:11 pm

The case went to court in the International Court of Justice (the United Nations Court). The United States and Iran agreed to a settlement “where the US recognized the aerial incident of 3 July 1988 as a terrible human tragedy and expressed deep regret over the loss of lives caused by the incident”. Additionally, the US paid $131.8 Million ($300,000 per wage earner, $150,000 per non-wage earner and approx $70 million for the plane).

Source: http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/files/79/11131.pdf

After the shootdown, US Aegis cruisers were fitted with civilian radios to enable direct communication with airliners.

Was that sufficient? I would argue that it was not. However, I am not a Lawyer.

It was substantially more then “nothing”.

Reply

avatar Frank Gormlie July 23, 2014 at 7:47 am

Thanks Christo for helping to fill in the blanks. Yes, the US did settle for money in an international court with Iran; but again, no international condemnation, no sanctions, no boycotts, nothing too critical in the US press (before blogs) – no countries talking how Bush was responsible and had to be held accountable.

Okay, so both planes were shot down by “mistake”.

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avatar Rubbish July 23, 2014 at 3:46 am

The issue is the US’s stance on the matter, they did all you mentioned above but never apologized for what happened; they merely said that it was an unfortunate incident, they never once took formal responsibility for it.

As for the article and how it supposes that the Captain/ship could have made the mistake “in the heat of battle” is absolute rubbish, 2 other US ship captains in the area did not fire on the ship as it was obvious that the ship was climbing (not descending on an attack-run) and that the transponder was making IFF squawks in mode III (identifying it as a civilian aircraft).

“Vice President Bush defended the downing of the Iranian Airbus by an American warship, asserting that the real problem in the Persian Gulf was Iran’s refusal to stop its war with Iraq in accordance with a Security Council resolution”
Hypocritical animals.
‘murica
’nuff said

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avatar Marisa July 23, 2014 at 2:55 pm

Beyond just not apologizing, THIS happened:

“I will never apologize for the United States — I don’t care what the facts are… I’m not an apologize-for-America kind of guy.” – George Bush, Aug 2 1988

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avatar Frank Gormlie July 23, 2014 at 7:49 am

Jon Stewart mentioned the 1988 incident in Monday night’s “The Daily Show”. So far I have not seen anything about it in any other media.

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avatar Tom July 23, 2014 at 8:29 am

Frank,
To broaden the scope for your readers they might want to look up Operation Praying Mantis. This event created very high tensions between US and Iran.
Also the Vincennes was the only Aegis ship in the Persian Gulf and Aegis technology was new at the time.
BTW, I served on a Spruance Class destroyer during Operation Praying Mantis.
Good write up though, I remember the day our ship docked at 32nd Street we received the news of the Airbus getting shot down.

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avatar Bearded OBcean July 23, 2014 at 10:11 am

I’m not sure that I understand the point of the article. So the Russian separatists, and by extension VP, with tacit backing from Moscow, should not be condemned? That Russia and the United States are morally equivalent because the US shot down a plane 26 years ago? Or just another reason to point out the past sins of your country?

It’s not the first time that Russia has been involved in shooting down a commercial airliner.

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avatar TR July 23, 2014 at 10:33 am

It’s Airbus.

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avatar Frank Gormlie July 23, 2014 at 10:58 am

Of course you’re correct TR. Spellcheck doesn’t work on headlines.

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