Hiroshima / Nagasaki Remembered by Veterans for Peace

by on August 6, 2012 · 6 comments

in American Empire, History, Popular, Veterans, War and Peace, World News

A Short History Lesson : 1945 **

August 6th:
Dropped atomic bomb
on civilians
at Hiroshima.

August 8th:
Agreed to hold
war crimes trials
for Nazis.

August 9th:
Dropped atomic bomb
on civilians
at Nagasaki.

By Barry Ladendorf

In many parts of the world, people will pause to commemorate what happened 67 years ago on August 6, 1945, when the United States unleashed the most diabolical weapon in the history of mankind on the city of Hiroshima, Japan. Three days later on August 9th, the same hellish fire consumed the city of Nagasaki. It is estimated that 250,000 people died as a result of the bombs. As many as 60% died from flash or flame burns, 30% from falling debris and 10% from other causes. How will Americans remember this day? Will we come to see it as the war crime that it was? Will many continue to believe the bomb brought a quick end to World War II sparing the lives of hundreds of thousands or perhaps a million members of our armed forces and thus its use was justified?

When the US broke the Japanese code, the US government was aware that on July 13, 1945, Japan had contacted the Russians to express their desire to surrender and end the war. President Truman was also aware three months before he ordered the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, that, according to Swiss and Portuguese sources, the Japanese government, knowing they could not win, wanted to began the process of surrendering. The one thing the Japanese wanted was to retain the emperor. Presidential advisor Jimmy Byrnes convinced Truman that dropping the bombs would allow the US to dictate the terms to end the war. In other words, the US would continue to insist on “unconditional surrender”. In addition to the realization that the war was unwinnable, the Japanese also feared the Soviet Union would soon enter the war on the side of the allies.

What was the reaction of America’s top military leaders who led the allies to victory? General Douglas Macarthur, who commanded allied forces in the Far East during the war, stated he was never even consulted about using the bomb against Japan. According to Norman Cousins, consultant to MacArthur during the occupation of Japan, MacArthur stated that had he been consulted, he would have said that he saw no military justification for using the bomb and that if the US would simply have agreed to allow the emperor to stay the war might have been over weeks earlier.

General Eisenhower, when briefed on the atomic bomb tests in New Mexico and of the planned use against Japan, expressed his belief that there was no need to use the bomb because Japan was already defeated, and that the US should not shock the world by the use of a weapon that was no longer necessary to save American lives. General “Hap” Arnold, commander of the Army Air Corps, and General Omar Bradley shared Eisenhower’s opinion. Perhaps one of the strongest critics against using the bomb was Admiral Leahy, Chief of Staff to both FDR and Truman. Leahy said, “It is my opinion that the use of this barbarous weapon at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of no material assistance in our war against Japan.” By dropping the bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Leahy continued, “we had adopted an ethical standard common to the barbarians of the Dark Ages.” Even former President Herbert Hoover weighed in telling Truman in May, 1945, the if he were President he would, “make a shortwave broadcast to the people of Japan-tell them they can have their Emperor if they surrender, that it will not mean unconditional surrender except for the militarist-you’ll get a peace with Japan-you’ll have both wars over.” In spite of this considered and widespread opposition by senior military officials who prosecuted the war and from a former president, Truman ordered Hiroshima and Nagasaki be bombed. On August 9 as the atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki the Soviet Union entered the war against Japan. And when the Japanese government did surrender, they were permitted to keep the emperor.

So, 67 years later and after spending six trillion dollars on the development, testing, production and deployment of nuclear weapons the United States and the other nations of the nuclear club have in the aggregate approximately 23,000 nuclear weapons. But progress has been made and we cannot give up hope. In fact there are hopeful signs on the horizon. In February, 2012, the New York Times reported the Obama administration was weighing options for sharp new cuts in the U.S. nuclear force. In May, 2012, the call for a reduction in nuclear weapons received a big boost from General James Cartwright, retired vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and former commander of the United States’ nuclear weapons program. General Cartwright said the United States nuclear deterrence could be guaranteed with a total arsenal of 900 warheads. General Cartwright’s proposals are contained in a report issued by Global Zero, a nuclear policy organization. In addition to General Cartwright, the report was signed by Chuck Hagel, former Republican senator, Thomas Pickering, former ambassador to Russia, and others.

Perhaps on this August 6, a day when the world pauses to remember and contemplate the first and only use of nuclear weapons, we as Veterans for Peace can renew the pledge set forth in our Statement of Purpose which calls for us to work with others to, “End the arms race and to reduce and eventually eliminate nuclear weapons.” I believe it is time for us to put greater emphasis on this issue and raise public awareness of the dangers of nuclear weapons and the burden it places on the world community and the people of the world who must live under threat of another nuclear holocaust.

Barry Ladendorf,

President,

San Diego Veterans for Peace

**“A Short History Lesson: 1945” by David Krieger, a founder of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, is contained in his award winning book of poetry, Today is Not a Good Day for War” (2005).

This article first appeared at San Diego Free Press.

{ 6 comments… read them below or add one }

avatar Fred August 6, 2012 at 12:59 pm

More than a million people would have died without those bombs.

Reply

avatar Fred August 6, 2012 at 1:03 pm

Oh, and don’t forget to mourn the 31 MILLION people who died as a result of the War in the Pacific.

Reply

avatar Goatskull August 6, 2012 at 6:13 pm

“Will we come to see it as the war crime that it was?”

Whether it’s right or wrong, we will never come to see it as a war crime.

Reply

avatar Frances O'Neill Zimmerman August 6, 2012 at 9:22 pm

It is important to remember. We can claim that it was necessary and argue that it was not, but we stepped over a line on August 6 and 9, 1945, that has never been crossed again. I am sorry that we decimated so many innocents, grateful that it’s never happened again, but fearful that it may. Peace and love, people, and remember.

Reply

avatar rick trujillo August 6, 2012 at 11:54 pm

Very informative and thoughtful article.
Santa Cruz hosted about 10,00o plus some years ago for a anti-nuke (get rid of all of them) gathering, 1994 (I think), before the nuke club gained new members. Despite this protest and the hundreds of others, going back to the 50’s…zero happened to change the politics of first strike usa (we’re # 1) barbarism.
Truman was advised to do the right thing for the 1+% who ruled then, (same families), as now. And he did the right thing for them, not us or the Japanese population. However, it isn’t so much about an emperor…a modern warlord holding god-like mystical sway over just enough ignorant masses, it was about showing the Soviet Union what they were facing. 250,000 dead to send a message to Stalinist Communism? Yes, of course, think Dresden and other locales, think Korean & Vietnam Wars. Plus, it is doubtful “their ” not “our” fighting conscripted men would have risen to another cannon fodder occasion without enormous consequences…ergo the convenience of “Fat Boy.”
It was an especially great day for all the veterans who participated that day in Santa Cruz…we were one. David Cosby sang Amazing Grace, ( I think, with a new liver) as my daughter was happily being cuddled in the arms of a most courageous & disfigured woman who survived Nagasaki. There were few dry eyes that sacred moment. Our comrade and sister from the Great People of Japan soothed our fears with words of joyful hope and a smile that healed. All this at the Clock Tower where an anti-war/nuke bronze, dedicated that day, stands, perpetually in radiance.
As to hypothetical numbers “prevented/saved” from dying on the Japanese mainland, why suffer the arguments of fools? As in Germany (half of it, anyway), Japan’s defeated 1+% were allowed to remain in power. And the top pig at the trough made even more $$$$$ zillions along with the trillions for nuke construction. The Emperor was necessary to maintain discipline (law and order) at little cost…that’s still his real job. Liz from the house of Windsor plays a similar role.

Reply

avatar Goatskull August 7, 2012 at 8:16 am

I remember listening to stories and opinions of WWII vets I’ve known in my life. Truth is several of the old gentlemen that I’ve known thought of August 6 and 9 as a day to celebrate. My landlord in the late 80’s early 90’s (who was a colorful and crusty old vet) would always have a BBQ on August 6 and invite us, other neighbors, and his friends over. He was very bitter and angry towards anyone who had a problem with his way of thinking, boarding on hatred. As appalling as his way of thinking was, if you understood what he and others went through then his views could be understandable. Sometimes the unforgivable needs to be forgiven. While the actions we (The U.S.) did may have been barbaric and wrong, we need to remember that Japan at the time was a very barbaric nation. I’m not speaking about the average Japanese citizen, but it did have a very militaristic and cruel authoritarian government. The things they did to POWs (both civilians AND captured military personnel) is every bit as unforgivable as what we did on the 6th and 9 of August, not to mention Pearl Harbor. I’m not saying we should have done what we did and perhaps we DO need to look back at it a war crime (though who’s going to be hold accountable?), but any animosity should not be directed towards the crew who carried out those two missions and certainly not towards any surviving veterans who may feel our actions were justified.

Reply

Leave a Comment

Before clicking Submit, please complete this simple statement to help us weed out the bots... Thank you! *

Older Article:

Newer Article: